Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked due to a buildup of fatty material, called plaque, within the walls of the arteries. Symptoms can range from mild to severe andmay include:
Chest pain or discomfort after or during physical exertion, but usually goes away with rest
Exhaustion from doing typical daily activities (i.e. going to mailbox, grocery shopping, etc.)
Shortness of breath
You may see your cardiologist due to angina
Angina can be a symptom of an underlying heart condition such as complex CAD and/or advanced heart failure.
If you experience angina, your cardiologist will run some tests, and may decide to have you consult a heart team—a group of specialists (interventional cardiologist, cardiothoracic surgeon, etc.) who will partner with your cardiologist to determine how best to treat your underlying condition.
Advanced heart failure
Heart failure is a chronic, progressive condition in which the heart is too weak to pump enough oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. Signs and Symptoms may include:
Reduced Ejection Fraction
A decrease in the amount of blood your heart pumps with each beat. Normal is 55-70%.
Shortness of Breath
Trouble catching your breath when doing regular activities or laying down / at rest, often exacerbated / made worse by laying flat.
Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, stomach, and neck.
A persistent unexplained cough could be a sign that fluid is building up in your lungs as a result of heart failure.